7 Things In The Underground World of Singapore You Never Knew Existed

Underground Singapore

What’s out of sight is out of mind, and what goes on underground doesn’t often come to light. Rocks and soil aside, there are lots of other man-made spaces lying beneath us. From huge ammunition depots to automated bike parking, here are 7 things that lie underground in Singapore that you probably never knew existed:

1. Underground electricity transmission tunnels

Tunnel entrance.
Image adapted from: One Smart

Imagine $2.4 billion dollars. I can’t either, but that massive budget is going into Singapore’s underground transmission cable tunnel project that will be dug 60-80m deep, or about 20 storeys underground.

They aren’t small pipes for skinny wires either. These monsters are 6m wide, with adults able to walk through them comfortably – or as comfortably as you can be this far underground. 

Image credit: SP Group

Since getting lost in this 40km-long underground network would be an absolute nightmare, engineers have to work in pairs and carry a safety tracker. No phone signals can enter the tunnels as well so workers have to communicate via a built-in telephone system.

Once completed, this channel of high voltage cables can power 20% of Singapore’s electricity needs for more than a hundred years. 

2. Underground Ammunition Facility

Perhaps the most intriguing of this lot is the Underground Ammunition Facility, which is believed to be the world’s most modern. In almost Area 51 style, this space is used by the Singapore military to store explosives and ammunition.

Image adapted from: MINDEF

The actual depth of the facility has never been disclosed but it is said to lie under Mandai Quarry. Tight spaces might be the first thing that comes to mind upon hearing the words ‘underground storage’, but this facility is the size of 400 football fields or half the size of Pasir Ris New Town.

A military facility that looks straight out of a sci-fi film.

Image adapted from: Ministry of Defense Singapore

3. The “underground city” of Marina Bay Sands


Marina Bay Sands might be Singapore’s iconic skyscraper that reaches high into the sky. But little do most realise, it has a whole underground city, called Heart-of-House, made just for its army of more than 10,000 staff.

One of the biggest wardrobes in Singapore.
Image credit: Marina Bay Sands

If you really think about it, this ingenious underground service space makes perfect sense. After all, the backend operation of this massive hotel and entertainment structure has to happen somewhere.

Team dining room, with a menu that changes daily.
Image credit: Marina Bay Sands

This hidden space lies underneath the span of the 3 hotel towers and has been coined as a “mini-city”. There are 2 dining rooms, a wardrobe department with more than 160,000 pieces of uniform, 24h convenience store, and dedicated areas for staff movie screenings and cooking workshops.

Staff changing rooms completed with bunk beds and rain showers.
Image credit: Marina Bay Sands

It’s pretty much an entire community operating underground. Check out our behind the scenes look at MBS’s underground city

4. Singapore’s only underground mosque

This might come off as a surprise particularly to non-Muslims, but there’s actually an underground mosque in Singapore – under the second-tallest building in Singapore, UOB Plaza One.

Image adapted from: Sofyan Paparico

Masjid Moulana Mohamed Ali is one-of-a-kind in Singapore, being the only mosque under sea level on this island. Located right next to the bustling Raffles Place, this mosque has an obscure entrance most people walk past daily without even noticing. 

Try spotting  the entrance labelled with a white and gold signboard the next time you’re outside UOB Plaza One.
Image adapted from: Berry

For Muslims working or hanging out in the CBD and Orchard area, you may find our list of prayer rooms in town useful.

5. Tiong Bahru’s Air Raid Shelter & other underground bunkers

World War 2 might be decades behind us, but evidence of our forefathers’ efforts to survive remains. There are pockets of hidden underground bunkers such as the Tiong Bahru’s Air Raid Shelter dotted around Singapore, most of which are as old as they look. 

More often than not, they resemble a scene straight out of a horror movie. You know, the kind where you’ll be screaming at the protagonists to not enter.

Truth be told, I’m not sure I’d wanna be here even in times of a zombie apocalypse.

Intrinsic dankness and creepiness ignored, we explored 4 of Singapore’s hidden bunkers scattered across neighbourhoods such as Queenstown and Pasir Panjang. They’re pretty well hidden, hard to access, and some are filled with cockroaches, so beware!

6. Deep Tunnel Sewerage System

Construction of tunnel shaft.
Image credit: Issuu

Sewage stinks and we want it as far away from us as possible. While we already know that all the gunky stuff is flushed down the pipe, where it heads to next is a mystery no one actually thinks of.

Here it is: after everything whirlpools out of view, your sewage actually heads on underground. PUB is currently building an underground Deep Tunnel Sewerage System that will eventually form an underground “highway” for waste 20-50m deep

By 2025, your “big and small business” will flow, using gravity, from all parts of the country, through 200km underground sewers, into 3 Water Reclamation Plants.

7. Jurong Rock Caverns

Image credit: JTC

40 storeys above the ground might get you a pretty good view, but go 40 storeys under, you’d get the otherworldly Jurong Rock Caverns, the deepest known spot in Singapore.

Image adapted from: JTC

Located 150m under sea level, the closed-access space is the first underground oil storage facility in Southeast Asia and is certainly an underground world of its own. 

Access shaft.
Image credit: JTC

The enormous space is made of 5 rock caverns and 8km of tunnels, and is used to store liquid hydrocarbons such as crude oil, condensate, naphtha, and gas oil for commercial purposes.

Bonus: Bidadari Bus Interchange

MRT lines and expressways have been constructed underground, but there’s said to be a new member of this party – bus interchanges. 

Bidadari Bus Interchange will be the first underground air-conditioned bus interchange to be built under HDB flats in Singapore and will be connected to Woodleigh MRT station. Complete avoidance of the sweltering heat above ground? Yes, please.

Completion date for this project is yet to be confirmed. 

(Closed) Automated underground bike parking

Common banes of bicycle parking include: thefts, lack of proper parking space and rainy weather drenching the bike – along with everything in it; and all of these are solved by heading underground.

Image credit: @farzana_fattah via Instagram

In Woodlands, there is a fully automated bicycle parking system that goes up to 10m underground to rid residents of all their bicycle parking woes. The parking system run by SecureMyBike was the first of its kind in Singapore with a capacity for more than 500 bikes.

Singapore’s underground world

They used to say the sky’s the limit but now, perhaps the same goes for magma.

There’s a whole different world underground, and it’s only getting bigger with time. Potential underground goods transport systems, utility plants and even reservoirs are already being explored; and who knows, one day we might be able to have underground entertainment spaces like theme parks too – that’s already a thing in Romania!

Read more of our other similar articles here:

Cover image adapted from: JTC
Originally published on 19th October 2019. Last updated on 15th December 2023.

Kezia Tan

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