12 Japanese Onsen Towns Sorted By Region For Your Next Relaxing Soak In Japan

Japanese onsen towns

Japan has got to be one of the most fascinating countries on Earth with things that are unique to it – kawaii culture, real ninjas, the Shinkansen, anime… we could go on and on. Add Japanese onsen towns to that list and it becomes a must-visit for anyone looking for a travel experience that is truly one-of-a-kind.

Whether you’re looking for a place to relieve stress or simply want to try an authentic Japanese onsen experience, we‘ve rounded up 12 towns where you can soak in the benefits of these natural hot spring baths.

– Near Tokyo –

1. Kusatsu – Medicinal hot springs 2.5 hours from Tokyo

Image credit: @may_trip_gourmet via Instagram

Arguably the most famous onsen town in Japan, Kusatsu is just a 2.5-hour train ride from Tokyo. Most visitors tend to spend at least a night here in one of the many onsen hotels, but a day trip is also a good idea if you just want to experience the medicinal hot springs in a public bathhouse.

If there’s only one thing you see in Kusatsu, it’ll have to be Yubatake – a hot water field in the middle of the town that supplies natural hot spring water from the mountains in Gunma to the onsen hotels nearby.

Yumomi ceremonial performance at Netsu-no-yu bath house.

A big reason to flock to this town is the water – the hot spring waters here are known to be rich in minerals and acidic enough to destroy bacteria. For centuries, the locals have been coming here with the belief that a dip in these waters will cure ailments and skin conditions such as eczema.

Another highlight of this town is a must-watch traditional ceremony known as Yumomi, where the hot spring waters are stirred with large wooden planks to cool down the temperature to a more comfortable degree for bathing. Make sure to catch the choreographed performance and have a go at stirring right after to have the complete onsen bath experience in Kusatsu.

Image credit: @may_trip_gourmet via Instagram

If you are able to withstand very hot temperatures, try the Jikan-yu bathing technique where you sit in a hot bath of about 48 degrees Celsius for just 3 minutes. Generations since the 17th century have been doing this to help boost blood circulation.

Book a 2D1N Kamikochi, Tateyama Kurobe Alpine Route & Kusatsu Onsen Tour from Tokyo (S$385.25).

One of the communal baths at Kusatsu Onsen Eidaya.
Image credit: @yurisao_kiku via Instagram

While there are plenty of ryokan aka Japanese inns in town, Kusatsu Onsen Eidaya is one you can check out for a cosy private bath should you decide to stay overnight. Featuring waters from Yubatake, the onsen options include 4 communal baths or staying in a villa with its very own individual bath.

As for beds, they’ve got both modern ones that we are used to and the traditional Japanese futon mattresses known as shikibuton.

Google Reviews
Japan, 〒377-1711 Gunma, Agatsuma District, 吾妻郡Kusatsu, 草津町草津464-122
Opening Hours:
Wednesday Open 24 Hours Show More Timings

2. Hakone – 17 hot springs to go onsen hopping

Outdoor baths at Hakone Kamun made from stone and wood.
Image credit: @hakonekamon via Instagram

Hakone is pretty well known for its Japanese hot springs and because many tourists make a day trip from Tokyo, most of the hotels here offer day access to their bathing facilities. 

Just hop on a train from Tokyo’s Shinjuku station, spend 2 hours admiring the mountain views, and then drop off at Hakone-Yumoto station. From here, plenty of public bathhouses and ryokan are within walking distance with both outdoor and indoor baths to relax in.

Image adapted from: ぽんぽん via Google Maps, @wulanjukanto via Instagram

For a unique onsen experience, head to Hakone Kowakien Yunessun – a theme park and resort with water slides, waterfalls, and jacuzzis. Apart from hot spring waters, they even have the option to dip into hot baths with sake, green tea or wine. 

Book a 1-day ticket to Hakone Kowaki-en Yunessun Hot Spring Theme Park (S$19.85).

Sengokuhara Hot Spring at Hakone Green Plaza Hotel.
Image credit: 黄田国昌 via Google Maps

Those looking for something more secluded can venture further out to the valleys of Hakone and Lake Ashi for bath houses that offer a little more privacy. One such spot is Hakone Green Plaza Hotel, where daytime admission starts from just ¥1,600 (~S$15.15)

The highlight? Being able to spot Mount Fuji in the distance from the outdoor thermal baths on a day when the skies are clear. 

Google Reviews
1244-2 Sengokuhara, Hakone, Ashigarashimo District, Kanagawa 250-0631, Japan
Opening Hours:
Wednesday 10:00 AM - 06:00 PM Show More Timings
Contact Information

3. Lake Kawaguchiko – View of Mount Fuji

Speaking of Mount Fuji, Lake Kawaguchiko is one of the most popular Japanese onsen towns precisely because you can see the magnificent mountain from almost any spot here. Located in Fuji Kawaguchiko Town, the lake is a scenic 1.5-hour drive from Tokyo or a 2.5-hour bus ride from Shinjuku station.

Book a 1-way bus ticket from Tokyo to Lake Kawaguchi (S$18.90).

Outdoor and indoor baths at Yurari public onsen complex.
Image adapted from: @fuji_yurari via Instagram

If you’re here just for the day, make your way to Fuji Yurari Hot Spring which offers indoor and outdoor public baths for just ¥1,300 (~S$12.30). For the ultimate pampering sesh, opt to add on a massage and check out the restaurant for authentic Japanese fare.

Address: 8532-5, Narusawa, Minamitsuru District, Yamanashi 401-0320, Japan
Opening hours: 10am-9pm, Daily
Contact: +81-555-85-3126

Hotel Mifujien
Image credit: @simpskwan

Hotel Mifujien is a retro-style hotel with 80s decor that also offers visitors daytime access to their onsen for ¥1,200 (~S$11.30). The communal bath on the 7th floor has panoramic views of Mount Fuji as well as the lake.

Google Reviews
207 Azagawa, Fujikawaguchiko, Minamitsuru District, Yamanashi 401-0303, Japan
Opening Hours:
Wednesday Open 24 Hours Show More Timings
Contact Information

4. Nozawa – Small & rustic onsen village with free baths

Image credit: @jacinta_matilda_ via Instagram

Head slightly further out of Tokyo and you’ll hit Nozawa, a small charming Japanese village 3.5 hours from the city. Although more popular as a snow skiing destination, the town has its own onsen culture too. 

As you walk around the village, you’ll come across free public hot spring baths that welcome anyone to enter and use. These rely on donations from visitors for maintenance, so you’re encouraged to add a token amount to the boxes outside. You’ll also need to bring your own towels and toiletries.

Image credit: Nozawa Onsen Facebook

Don’t be alarmed if you see the locals boiling their vegetables and eggs by dipping their baskets into one of the hot springs – it’s a pretty common sight. In fact, you can try it for yourself and experience cooking onsen eggs at Ogama which has become the unofficial village “kitchen”. It is also the hottest spring in Nozawa with water temperatures nearing 100 degrees Celsius.

Address: 8713 Toyosato, Nozawaonsen, Shimotakai District, Nagano 389-2502, Japan

5. Ikaho – Naturally gold hot spring waters

Giving the term “dripping in gold” a whole new meaning is Ikaho – an onsen town that boasts spring waters with natural hues of gold. Locally known as “Kogane no Yu”, this rare type of spring water gets its colour from the highly oxidised iron content. Plus, this town is just a 2-hour drive from Tokyo.

Hotel Matsumotoro, one of the inns where you can enjoy the gold spring waters.
Image credit: @ryokan.pinon via Instagram

While all hot springs in Japan are generally known to have properties that do wonders for one’s health and skin, the gold water here is said to have additional healing effects, particularly for scars from burns and cuts.

For an open-air onsen, Hotel Matsumotoro is a cosy family-friendly retreat that has both public and private baths that overlook a mountain range. The rooms here are equipped with amenities for babies such as a playpen and toys as well as a baby bath in the bathroom.

Google Reviews
164 Ikahomachi Ikaho, Shibukawa, Gunma 377-0102, Japan
Opening Hours:
Wednesday Open 24 Hours Show More Timings
Contact Information

6. Ginzan – Inspired bathhouse in Studio Ghibli’s Spirited Away

A picturesque 22m waterfall continuously flows through the town.
Image credit: @ginzanonsen via Instagram

Ginzan is a pretty secluded town that isn’t the easiest to get to, but it had to be on our list thanks to our love for all things Studio Ghibli-related. To get here you’ll either have to drive 5 hours from Tokyo or take a 1-hour domestic flight to Yamagata followed by an hour’s bus ride to the town.

When you get here and see the really chio ryokans lined up along the river, it’ll be worth the trip. The centre of the town is reserved for pedestrians only because of the narrow walking streets, so you’ll have to find parking just outside the town centre. Don’t worry, parking lots are just a 10-minute walk from the main area.

Ginzan looks particularly magical in winter when the town is covered in snow.
Image credit: @hsingyu455 via Instagram

Don a yukata – a traditional Japanese robe, and stroll through the pretty little town for your very own main character moment.

Image adapted from: @takimikan.official via Instagram

As for the onsen, you’ve got plenty of options in this town with most offering a similar experience. However, if you’ve got a thing for views, then stay at Soba and Waterfall Takimi-kan which is perched high atop a hill with rooms overlooking the waterfall.

Soba and Waterfall Takimi-kan
Google Reviews
522 Ginzanshinhata, Obanazawa, Yamagata 999-4333, Japan
Opening Hours:
Wednesday 10:30 AM - 09:00 PM Show More Timings
Contact Information

– Near Osaka –

7. Kinosaki – Tattoo-friendly public hot springs

Goshono-yu public bathhouse.
Image credit: @kinosaki_onsen_official via Instagram

It’s a pretty well-known fact that most public bathhouses deny entry to those with tattoos. Kinosaki is one of the only few Japanese onsen towns that welcomes those with permanent ink into its 7 public hot springs. 

2.5 hours from Kyoto or 3 hours from Osaka, the town is easily explored on foot with ryokan lined up one after the other. And if you’re staying in one of the ryokan, you’ll receive a free pass to access all 7 public bathhouses. Otherwise, the cost is ¥1,300 (~S$12.30).

Ichino-Yu public bathhouse.
Image credit: @satoshi.ohno.965 via Instagram

Some of the more notable ones are Goshono-Yu whose exterior resembles Kyoto’s Imperial Palace; Ichino-Yu which is designed after a kabuki theatre and features a cave as one of the baths, surrounded by natural boulders; and Jizo-Yu whose building architecture is inspired by a Japanese lantern.

Japanese-style Gingetsu private spa overlooking the forest.

For a more luxurious onsen experience, the Nishimuraya Hotel Shogetsutei offers both private and communal baths within its compound. The Superior Rooms and Suites all come with private open-air baths while the communal areas consist of an indoor long bath, outdoor pool, and a sauna.

Guests staying at the hotel also get access to the public baths at their sister hotel, Nishimuraya Honkan.

Google Reviews
1016-2 Kinosakichō Yushima, Toyooka, Hyogo 669-6101, Japan
Opening Hours:
Wednesday Open 24 Hours Show More Timings
Contact Information

– Near Sapporo –

8. Jozankei – Affordable ryokan inns 40 min from Sapporo

One of the best times to visit Jozankei is during autumn when the whole town turns orange.
Image credit: @botakjonng via Instagram

If you’re on a tight budget but still want to try an onsen, then you’re in luck. The Japanese onsen town Jozankei is just a 40-minute drive from Sapporo or 75 minutes by bus and has a number of ryokan providing day visitors access to their baths from just ¥500 (~S$4.74).

Free baths at Jozankei Gensen Park.
Image adapted from: 北海道&タイの食・遊・住を発信!!「さつろぐ」ジョニー via Google Maps, てつ via Google Maps

Even better news – there are a couple of free open-air public baths scattered around town too. The most popular ones can be found at Jozankei Gensen Park where you can dip your feet or bathe your hands with the hot spring water. Just don’t go soaking your full body in any of these baths.

9. Noboribetsu – “Hell Valley” with volcanic activity

Image credit: Eric Kwok via Google

2 hours from Sapporo by train, Noboribetsu’s most famous attraction is “Hell Valley”, locally known as Jigokudani. It’s basically a volcanic area with steam vents sprouting from the geothermal grounds. With properly built boardwalks, you’ll be able to safely walk through the valley to see the hot pools and admire the stunning landscape.

Oyunuma Pond.
Image credit: Riccardo Giacalone via Google

Keep going along the walking trail and after about 25 minutes you’ll reach Oyunuma – a sulphurous pond that is constantly at 50 degrees Celsius even during the winters due to the volcanic activity nearby.

Oyunumagawa river natural footbath.
Image credit: @footloosyy via Instagram

Follow the trail towards the forest to see Oyunumagawa River flowing out of the pond. Sit by the banks of the river and dip your feet into this natural foot bath for free. It’s particularly shiok during snowy weather and a great way to warm yourself up.

Book a day tour to Noboribetsu and Lake Toya from Sapporo (S$65.20).

– Near Fukuoka –

10. Beppu – Natural steam vents all over the town

No, that’s not industrial pollution but natural steam vents from the hot springs.
Image credit: 松本道明 via Google

All the way down in southern Japan, the onsen town of Beppu is quite a sight to behold. From a bird’s eye view, it looks like the town is being pressure cooked with all the steam vents taking over the landscape.

To get here, take a 2-hour train ride from Fukuoka or a 4-hour train ride from Kyoto. It’s been said that during the Kamakura Period – about 800 years ago – samurai bathed in the hot springs here to speed up the recovery of their battle wounds.

Public bath (left) and couple’s private bath (right) at Ryotei Matsubaya.
Image adapted from: Matsubaya

Those planning to stay overnight in Beppu, can consider Ryotei Matsubaya ryokan which has 5 hot spring baths – 1 public and 4 private. Among the latter type, there is a mix of indoor, outdoor, and semi-open air baths. Couples looking for a romantic evening can choose the pottery bath where each person sits in a teacup-shaped bath facing each other.

Google Reviews
3 観海寺 Beppu, Oita 874-0822, Japan
Opening Hours:
Wednesday Open 24 Hours Show More Timings
Contact Information

11. Yufuin – Less-touristy town surrounded by rice paddies

If Beppu is on your itinerary, it might be worth adding Yufuin as part of your trip too. The onsen town is just a 40-minute drive from Beppu and lies on the foot of Mount Yufu. Due to its rather inaccessible location, you won’t see many tourists in this area which it makes it a perfect spot to escape the crowds.

Musouen ryokan outdoor bath.
Image credit: TOM via Google

Most of the town consists of rice paddies and is less developed than the big cities of Japan. Nonetheless, there is a small area in town which is well developed and has both traditional as well as modern hotels for you to experience the hot springs.

Even if you’re not staying the night, most of the ryokan here offer day passes. The outdoor bath at Musouen ryokan is perched above the Yufuin basin and has a clear view of Mount Yufu. Admission is just ¥1,000 (~S$9.50).

Google Reviews
1243 Yufuinchō Kawaminami, Yufu, Oita 879-5103, Japan
Opening Hours:
Wednesday Open 24 Hours Show More Timings
Contact Information

12. Kurokawa – Riverside onsen town with traditional baths

Image credit: CENDRILLONplus via Google Maps

Kurokawa is a small charming village smack in the middle of the Kyushu province and about 3 hours from Fukuoka by train. The lure of this onsen town is that it has maintained its olden look and feel – you won’t find any fancy modern hotels here, only traditional ryokan.

Yamamizuki bathhouse’s indoor bath.
Image credit: サイトウタカノリ via Google

As you walk around town, you’ll notice that most of the buildings are made from wood and stones, giving the place an earthy vibe. Most of the ryokan can easily be found along the river. Get yourself a tegata or wooden pass from the tourist information centre for ¥1,300 (~S$12.30) and it’ll give you access to any 3 baths in town for the day.

Book a 1-day tour of Yufuin and Kurokawa from Fukuoka (S$93.15).

Bonus: Ibusuki – Hot sand bath by the sea

Image credit: @yukari_cielbleu via Instagram

While Ibusuki isn’t your typical Japanese onsen town, it is the only place with a natural sand bath in the world. If you’ve never been buried in sand from neck to toe by friends playing a prank before, here’s your chance to be a part of the experience – apparently it’s very calming.

If you’re wondering, the heat doesn’t just come from the sun but from the hot spring water bubbling deep under the sand. In just 10 minutes, you will be dripping in sweat. Oh, and no need to be butt naked for this activity – you’ll be wearing a yukata robe before getting in. Just close your eyes and listen to the waves as the heat helps remove toxins from your body.

Visit a Japanese onsen town for a relaxing soak in hot spring waters

There are plenty of reasons to visit Japan, and most Singaporeans don’t need convincing anyway. But the next time you make a trip, add one or more of the onsen towns to your list of must-visits to get the quintessential Japanese experience.

If you’ve never been to one before, check out the do’s and don’ts with our onsen etiquette guide. You’re probably aware that most public bathhouses require you to strip down before dipping in – don’t worry, the baths are gender segregated. If you’re really not comfortable doing so or prefer to have a couple’s bath, simply pick a private onsen in a hotel instead.

Other onsen-related stories to check out:

Cover image adapted from: 北海道&タイの食・遊・住を発信!!「さつろぐ」ジョニー via Google Maps, @ginzanonsen & @fuji_yurari via Instagram

Aditi Kashyap

Serial offender of binge-watching whodunnit shows

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