Nanzoin Temple in Fukuoka


New York has the Statue of Liberty as a representative, while Fukuoka has a giant reclining Buddha. Lying across a 41m-long stretch, the statue – located at Nanzoin Temple (南蔵院; Nanzoin) – is used to house the sacred ashes of Buddha and the disciples. 

Besides the aforementioned reclining Buddha, you’ll also find the fearsome looking Fudo Myoo, who owns a menacing gaze that will elicit gasps of awe amongst onlookers, as well as a group of arhat statues and the Seven Lucky Gods.


The meaning and origin of the reclining Buddha


Nanzoin Temple - 250-tonne reclining Buddha
Image credit: @sungo.jp

The massive 250-tonne reclining Buddha at the Nanzoin Temple stretches 41m in length and 11m in height. With a right hand propping up its head, the Buddha statue looks like it’s at ease, as if it doesn’t have a care in the world. In fact, the “reclining Buddha” is a staple in Buddhist art.

Nanzoin Temple - Carvings depicting the parinirvana of the Buddha found at Zenyoumitsu Temple of Tokyo
Carvings depicting the parinirvana of the Buddha found at Zenyoumitsu Temple of Tokyo
Image credit: Wikimedia Commons

The depictions of Buddha in the horizontal position are meant to represent Buddha approaching parinirvana, which is the state of reaching the final stage of nirvana (true enlightenment) post-death.

Nanzoin Temple - A stairway in Nanzoin Temple
A stairway in Nanzoin Temple
Image credit: @muu093

Besides the cultural significance of a reclining Buddha, there also lies a heartwarming story behind the origin of this statue.

For many years, the Nanzoin Temple donated medical and essential supplies to children in Myanmar and Nepal. Out of gratitude, the Buddhist Council of Myanmar gifted the sacred ashes of Buddha and two of Buddha’s Principal Disciples, Ananda and Maudgalyayana. To house these ashes, the temple decided to construct the reclining Buddha statue.

In 1995, around 1,300 monks gathered at the temple for the unveiling ceremony of the statue, and it has remained well taken care of by the Nanzoin Temple ever since.

Nanzoin Temple - an annual cleaning session
Image credit: @anoneko37

At the end of each year, the temple holds an annual cleaning session where people gather and use bamboo leaves to dust debris off the statue. This year, the cleaning session will take place on 26th December 2021. If you’d like to witness this interesting event, head down to Nanzoin Temple on this day. 

For a calendar of other events happening at the temple, click here.


Other Buddhist statues in Nanzoin Temple


Nanzoin Temple is also home to many other magnificent statues that deserve a moment of appreciation too.

Nanzoin Temple - Fudō Myōō
Image credit: @ninja_padrino

It’s hard to miss the Fudō Myōō (不動明王; the Immovable One) as you walk around the temple grounds. With a fearsome look, alert stance, and a sword in hand, the powerful fire deity looks every part the destroyer of evil.

Nanzoin Temple - 500 arhat statues
Image credit: @siputsedut86

Meanwhile, a large group of 500 arhat statues is located near the Fudō Myōō. Arhats are Buddhist followers who have achieved nirvana, and the detailed, emotive expressions on these statues are worth perusing.

Nanzoin Temple - Seven Lucky Gods
Image credit: @sinichiro_7147

There’s also a Shichifukujin Tunnel in Nanzoin Temple, where you’d find the Seven Lucky Gods (七福神; shichifukujin) within. If you’d like to pray for prosperity, the Gods are here to listen.


Getting to Nanzoin Temple


Nanzoin Temple - “Sasaguri 88” pilgrimage
Image credit: @maeg_58

The Nanzoin Temple is a popular destination for the “Sasaguri 88” pilgrimage, which entails visiting 88 Buddhist temples in Fukuoka. As such, guests must remember that the temple is a sacred location and are expected to behave respectfully. Rather than just frolicking about, snapping photos for social media, do take this opportunity to learn more about Buddhism and Japan’s religious history.

Getting there: The temple is a 3-minute walk away from Kidonanzoin-Mae Station, which is located along the Fukuhokuyutaka Line.

Address: 1035 Sasaguri, Kasuya District, 811-2405 Fukuoka
Opening hours: 9AM-4.30PM, Daily
Admission: ¥500 (~USD4.52) to enter the prayer room located within the reclining Budhha statue.
Telephone: 092-947-7195
Website

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Cover image adapted from: Roméo A

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